Acrylic acid is a clear, corrosive, flammable and colorless liquid with a pungent odor. The chemical finds extensive use and application in the chemical industry that ensures extensive linkages with end-user industries. Acrylic acid is miscible with a variety of other chemicals such as chloroform, acetone, benzene, water, alcohol, and ether. Its versatility makes it a valuable industrial chemical as well as an important intermediate chemical making acrylic acid manufacturers actively gain profit from its supply to industries that use acrylic acid in the production of consumer goods.
Industries Making Use Of Acrylic Acid
Industries have actively sighted the shortage of acrylic acid in spite of manufacturing industries investing heavily in the production of the chemical. The global demand and supply of acrylic acid has increased considerably in the past decade and is expected to continue seeing an increase in the near future. Industries manufacturing cosmetic products such as nail polish, diapers and facial concealers use acrylic acid as an important component. Traditionally, acrylic acid is used by industries that invest in preparing acrylic esters such as ethyl acrylate, methyl acrylate, etc. These esters are used in the production of solvent-based resins. Water-based acrylics are also developed by the chemical industry that finds applications in manufacturing used as home coatings, paintings, adhesives, polishes, and paper.
Development In The Application Of Acrylic Acid Industry
With research and development in the chemical industry, a new class of compounds has been developed with the help of acrylic acid known as polyacrylates. Polyacrylates aid in the production of thickener and dispersants. Apart from this, acrylic acid is primarily getting used in the production of Superabsorbent Polymers (SAPs) and detergent polymers. SAPs constitute approximately 30% of the global acrylic acid produced. SAPs find application in products such as diapers, adult incontinence products as well as in female hygiene products such as sanitary pads and makeup removal products. Acrylic acid is an important chemical used in the production of a variety of polymers, textiles, consumer products, surfactants chelating agents as well as in a variety of inks. The chemical is also used in water-based coating and in food packaging industries.
Acrylic Acid Produces Industry-Fit Polymers
Acrylic acid esters impart significantly desirable qualities such as color stability, clarity, resistance to heat, high shelf-life, and flexibility to low-temperature storage as compared to other polymeric materials. The Glass Transition temperature of acrylic acid affects the characteristic temperature at which it may become brittle from being soft. This also affects the temperature at which any solution carrying acrylic acid can develop a top coating/film of acrylic acid at a particular temperature. However, an acrylic acid polymer such as methyl acrylate and 2-Ethylhexyl acrylate impart characteristic softness and Tg flexibility.
The global demand for acrylic acid is increasing by a substantial Compound Annual Growth Rate in Asia Pacific regions, the Middle East and North African countries. Major factors driving the growth of acetic acid include the rising income levels in developing countries such as Brazil, China, and India making consumers spend extensively on SAPs from the Consumer Packaged Goods industry and increased sophistication in the automobile industries globally.